There have been many debates regarding the causes of Autism. It is a question
that has haunted many parents who wonder if they have done something wrong
to cause their child to have Autism. Although some types of Autism have
known causes, most are found to be idiopathic, or without a known cause.
There are many theories as what causes autism, including vaccinations,
immune deficiency, food allergies, genetics and many other theories. However,
none of these theories have been proven.
You would think that with so much information available, someone would
have figured out the cause of Autism by now; though, it is still seemingly
a medical mystery. However, researchers from Boston Children's Hospital
may have brought us one step closer to discovering the cause of Autism.
The researchers have found that recent tests measuring the electrical
activity in the brain can distinguish children with Autism from children
with typical brains as early as 2 years of age. Their study was published
last week in the online journal,
BMC Medicine. Researchers compared raw data from the electroencephalogram tests, or
EEGs, of 430 children with Autism and 554 other children from 2 to 12
years of age. Children with Asperger Syndrome did not participate in the
testing. The researchers found that children with Autism had consistent
EEG patterns showing altered connectivity between different parts of the
brain. In general, they showed reduced connectivity compared with the
other children's brains. As we get closer to pinpointing the brain's
functions and its effects on human behavior, we grow closer to solving
the mystery of the causes of Autism.
There are other ways to identify whether children have any type of autism,
but many of these signs go unnoticed. Early detection, however, can have
a huge effect how students progress and develop if they get early-intervention
services to match their needs and support their development. There are
also some known causes, including Depakote (also named Valproate), which
is an anti-seizure medication taken during pregnancy; Fragile X syndrome,
which is a genetic disorder; Rett Syndrome, which is a genetic disorder
affecting only females, Tuberous Sclerosis, which is a rare genetic disorder;
and Prader-Willi Syndrome, which is also a rare genetic disorder.
According to The National Association of School Psychologists, students
with Autism are most often diagnosed by school staff. It may be possible,
however, that the EEG patterns could change the way children are diagnosed.
The researchers believe that their findings could lead to a diagnostic
test for Autism, particularly at younger ages when behavior-based measures
are less reliable. The researchers plan to next study the EEG patterns
of children with Asperger Syndrome and children with Autism. This promises
to reveal why it affects some children in one way and others in another.
Regardless of the cause, getting a good support system in place for your
child is vital. If you are struggling with your child's school to
diagnose and/or provide appropriate support to your child with Autism,
we can help. Please visit
www.hzlegal.com for more information.